‘Smart’ sanctions take toll on Syria

Matthew Epstein and Ahmed Saeed
Published by ft.com, July 18, 2012

After the terrorist attacks of September 11 2001, the US Treasury Department developed a toolkit of “smart” sanctions and shared its ideas and expertise globally.

The Arab spring has revealed how comprehensively these ideas were absorbed by US allies in the Middle East. Alongside popular uprisings there has been another revolution – this one in the way wealthy Arab states exercise coercive diplomacy...